Every pupil should have opportunities for guidance interviews with a careers adviser, who could be internal (a member of school staff) or external, provided they are trained to an appropriate level. These should be available whenever significant study or career choices are being made. They should be expected for all pupils but should be timed to meet their individual needs. 

Every pupil should have at least one such interview by the age of 16, and the opportunity for a further interview by the age of 18. 

( From Good Career Guidance website Personal guidance | Gatsby)


The guidance states that personal guidance can be delivered by a suitably qualified adviser (Level 6 Diploma in Careers Guidance and Development) who is either a member of school staff or from an external agency/other organisation. Guidance interviews should be available at any key transition stages such as GCSE option choices or in preparation for Post 16 choices in order for students to make informed career choices. Every student should have at least one careers guidance interview by the age of 16, with the opportunity for a further one by the age of 18.  

Successful 1:1 careers guidance gives students the ability to develop personal effectiveness in such skills as self-awareness and self-esteem, encourages career planning skills and improves educational outcomes including attendance and attainment.  

Effective guidance should be ...“Integrated into a whole school careers guidance programme which is supported by senior leadership and involves all staff in the school or college. 

In line with Gatsby, it needs to be delivered by a qualified professional on a 1:1 basis. 

Students are prepped prior to sessions and followed up afterwards. 

Professional careers advisers create a strong relationship with their client using a range of core skills to customise the interview to a young person’s needs. 

Available on request and when needed, as well as at the key decision points highlighted by Gatsby.” 

Extracted from Careers Guidance – What Works